Farmers who make efficient use of their small livestock feed resources can maximize profit. They do it by managing their feed supplies and animals carefully. The tips below could help.

How to incorporate by-product feeds in diets

According to, “by-product (often also called co-product) feeds are often used in animal diets. These are by-products of other industries, such as the production of distilled spirits, ethanol, wheat processing, milling, and soy oil among others. These co-products, such as brewer’s grains, distiller’s grains, soy hulls, and others can make excellent animal feedstuffs.”

It says farmers can also take advantage “of by-products from the wheat milling industry, such as wheat bran, middlings, red-dog, shorts, etc. By-products from wet corn milling give us high fructose corn syrup and a variety of other corn products including corn gluten feeds and meals. In addition, there are products such as citrus pulp, beet pulp, and whole cotton seed. Some farms even feed expired foods that have been returned to distributors from grocery stores.”

The advantage are that they are often very cheap compared to the traditional feeds and utilize a material that might otherwise become a part of the waste stream.

However, one disadvantage of by-products is that their nutrient content is often variable; these feeds should be sampled regularly so estimates of nutrient content can be used in formulating diets. Sometimes, the by-product supplier will provide a nutrient analysis when requested.

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