The calving period is the most stressful for the cow and for the farmer. It all starts with the cow-calf operation, whose basic components must be adhered to without which both the cow and the calf cannot survive.

What can you do in advance to prevent calving problems?

Feed a balanced diet during pregnancy. You have to provide supplementary minerals and vitamins during the last two months of pregnancy. Beware that a straw-only diet can reduce colostrum quality in your cow.

Control infectious diseases

Discuss the appropriate vaccination and disease eradication strategies for your herd with a veterinarian. Beware that stillborn, weak or sick calves can also be caused by diseases.

Dry off your cows two months before calving

Drying off means the animal should be milked a final time, then not again until the next birth and lactation. It is advised that you dry off cows for 45 to 60 days. This will allow a cow sufficient time to rest and regenerate mammary tissue. If animals have prolonged dry periods, they run the risk of becoming obese and having difficult calving.

How can you manage your calving to reduce calf losses?

Calve all heifers and cows in a calving unit or clean pasture. Animals in advanced pregnancy must be separated in clean pasture pens or calving boxes, which must be properly disinfected, bedded with clean, soft and absorbent litter with adequate supply of fresh water.

Farmer should observe calving process if possible

Even though calving is a normal physiological process, it requires due care at all stages by the manager of the herd. If cows are showing signs of calving, keep a discreet eye on them every two hours.

There are three stages to the birthing process, or parturition. These are dilation of the cervix, delivery of the calf and delivery of the placenta. Knowing the normal birth process will help you decide whether or not to intervene.

Stage 1: Dilation of the cervix.

You might not even notice this stage, which may take days to complete. Uterine muscular activity is quiet during this stage as the cervix softens, and the pelvic ligaments relax. At this time, you may see thick clear mucus “string” hang from the vagina. You may notice the cow’s appetite decreases and she may prefer to be off by herself. Uterine contractions begin by the end of stage one, pushing uterine contents against the cervix, causing further dilation.

Stage 2: Delivery of the calf.

This stage officially begins with the appearance of membranes (water bag) at the vulva.
Start your clock at this time: traditional texts say the calf should be delivered within two to five hours of the moment you first see the water bag. More recent research has found that healthy heifers with normal calf presentation will calve unassisted within an hour of the start of stage two.

Normal birthing is either anterior or posterior. Anterior presentation is of the head (nose) and two front feet with the spine of the calf resting against the underside of the cow’s spine.

Posterior presentation is one of two rear feet and a tail; with the spine of the calf resting against the underside of the cow’s spine. If the presentation is normal, you may allow the cow to labour for between 40 minutes to an hour, especially if the water bag is still present around the calf.

Stage 3: After calving:

Expulsion of placenta.

The placenta should be shed within eight to 12 hours of the calf’s delivery in normal cases. If retained (by definition, placenta not shed after 12 hours), do not forcibly remove it. Get the help of veterinarian.

Care with regard to milking of cow:

When starting to milk after calving, ensure that all blockages from teats are removed. A cow may be milked three times a day until inflammation disappears from the udder.

‘Golden Hour’ after giving birth:
The cow licks clean her new-born. This helps with mother–baby bonding, and gives the new-born some “get up and go”. The new-born then attempts to stand. This is followed by balancing, then experimenting with moving its legs, progressing to its first steps.  The new-born will instinctively “put its mouth over” a teat that touches the side of its face.
Colostrum needs to be fed within two hours after calving

Colostrum is the milk in the mother’s udders immediately after she gives birth. It provides warmth, fluids plus many nutrients, and important antibodies. The mother cow manufactures antibodies as a result of her exposure to the diseases in the environment.

Once the new-born absorbs these antibodies, it becomes the new-born’s immunity until about seven weeks of age, and until the animals own immune system takes over.

Preventing navel diseases

The new-born navel (umbilicus) is always warm and damp. Bacteria love such conditions. They can speedily travel up the umbilicus and get into the new-born’s blood. This may cause serious health problems including navel ill, joint ill, liver abscess, bladder infections and even death.

Check regularly for navel ill – handle the navel of all calves with clean or gloved hands at birth and in the first week of life to check for excessive bleeding, pain, abnormal swelling, odour or pus and treat as recommended by your local veterinarian.

Agribusiness Information

193 COMMENTS

  1. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the web the easiest thing
    to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think
    about worries that they plainly don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal.

    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  2. hello there and thank you for your information – I have definitely picked up something new from right here.
    I did however expertise several technical points
    using this site, as I experienced to reload the website
    lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly.
    I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will
    sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.
    Well I am adding this RSS to my email and could look out
    for a lot more of your respective interesting content.
    Ensure that you update this again soon.

  3. Hey! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I truly enjoy
    reading through your posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums
    that go over the same subjects? Thanks a lot!

  4. After I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new
    comments are added- checkbox and now whenever
    a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same
    comment. There has to be a means you are able to remove me from that service?
    Cheers!

  5. What i do not understood is in truth how you’re no longer really much more
    well-appreciated than you may be now. You are so intelligent.
    You realize therefore significantly on the subject of this matter,
    made me in my view believe it from numerous varied angles.
    Its like women and men aren’t involved unless it is one thing to do
    with Woman gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. All the time deal with it up!

  6. I’m amazed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s
    both equally educative and engaging, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head.

    The issue is something which too few people are speaking intelligently about.
    I’m very happy that I came across this during my hunt for something regarding this.

  7. you are truly a excellent webmaster. The site loading velocity is incredible.
    It sort of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick.
    Moreover, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done
    a great job in this matter!

  8. I blog often and I seriously appreciate your information. This article has truly
    peaked my interest. I’m going to bookmark your website and keep checking for new information about once a week.
    I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  9. Hey! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could find a captcha plugin for my
    comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours
    and I’m having trouble finding one? Thanks a
    lot!

  10. Can I just say what a relief to find someone that actually understands what they are discussing on the
    web. You certainly understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important.
    More people must read this and understand this side of your
    story. It’s surprising you’re not more popular since you surely possess the gift.

  11. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this info for my
    mission.

  12. Excellent blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own site soon but I’m a little
    lost on everything. Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress
    or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that
    I’m totally overwhelmed .. Any recommendations? Thanks!

  13. Your style is really unique in comparison to other
    people I’ve read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I’ll
    just book mark this blog.

  14. My coder is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type
    on various websites for about a year and am concerned about switching to another
    platform. I have heard very good things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  15. I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the layout of
    your website? Its very well written; I love
    what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more
    in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two pictures.

    Maybe you could space it out better?

  16. I was curious if you ever considered changing the page layout of your site?

    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content
    so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only
    having one or 2 pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  17. Hello, I think your site might be having browser
    compatibility issues. When I look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine but when opening
    in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, terrific blog!

  18. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a coworker
    who was conducting a little research on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast simply because I stumbled upon it for him…
    lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanx for spending some time to talk about this topic here on your internet site.

  19. I was suggested this web site through my cousin. I’m not positive whether this publish is written by him as nobody else
    recognise such distinct approximately my problem.
    You are amazing! Thanks!

  20. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your web
    site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.

    Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access
    consistently fast.

  21. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically
    tweet my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have
    some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward
    to your new updates.

  22. Thank you for another excellent article. Where else may anyone get that type of info in such an ideal method of writing?
    I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the search for such
    info.

  23. Thanks for any other wonderful article. Where else may anyone get
    that type of information in such an ideal way of writing? I’ve a
    presentation subsequent week, and I am on the search for such info.

  24. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have really
    enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  25. Greetings from Florida! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your blog on my iphone during lunch break.
    I love the information you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, very good site!

  26. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It actually used to be
    a leisure account it. Glance complex to far brought agreeable from you!
    However, how could we be in contact?

  27. Wonderful blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Many thanks

  28. I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this website.
    I really hope to see the same high-grade blog posts by you
    later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to
    get my very own website now 😉

  29. You really make it seem really easy together with your presentation but I in finding
    this matter to be actually something that I feel I’d by no
    means understand. It kind of feels too complex and extremely wide for me.
    I’m having a look ahead in your next put up, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  30. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured
    I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or
    vice-versa? My blog covers a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an email.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Great blog by the way!

  31. Sweet blog! I found it while browsing on Yahoo News. Do you have any
    tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while
    but I never seem to get there! Cheers

  32. I do not know if it’s just me or if everyone else experiencing problems with your blog.
    It looks like some of the text on your content are running off
    the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
    This could be a problem with my web browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Kudos

  33. Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wished
    to say that I have really loved surfing around your weblog posts.

    After all I’ll be subscribing on your feed and I hope you write once more very soon!

  34. Heya exceptional blog! Does running a blog similar to this require a great deal of work?

    I’ve no knowledge of computer programming but I had been hoping to start
    my own blog soon. Anyway, should you have any recommendations
    or techniques for new blog owners please share. I know this is off topic however I simply needed to ask.
    Thanks!

  35. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a
    enjoyment account it. Look complicated to far added agreeable
    from you! By the way, how can we keep up a correspondence?

  36. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long
    as I provide credit and sources back to your blog?
    My blog site is in the exact same niche as yours and my visitors would truly benefit from some of the information you present
    here. Please let me know if this alright with you.
    Thank you!

  37. We stumbled over here coming from a different website and thought
    I should check things out. I like what I see so
    now i’m following you. Look forward to looking into your web page repeatedly.

  38. Hi! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask.

    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest writing a blog article or vice-versa?
    My website discusses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly
    benefit from each other. If you’re interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way!

  39. Have you ever thought about writing an e-book or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information.
    I know my visitors would appreciate your work.
    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e mail.

  40. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did
    you hire someone to do it for you? Plz answer back as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to know
    where u got this from. thanks

  41. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I don’t know who you are but definitely you’re going to
    a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  42. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. This is a very well written article.

    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to learn extra of your
    helpful information. Thank you for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  43. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s challenging to get that “perfect balance” between user
    friendliness and visual appearance. I must say you’ve done a great job with this.
    Also, the blog loads super fast for me on Safari. Excellent Blog!

  44. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more
    than just your articles? I mean, what you say is valuable and
    all. However just imagine if you added some great photos or
    videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with
    pics and video clips, this blog could certainly be one of the very best in its niche.
    Amazing blog!

  45. Awesome blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring
    writers? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you recommend starting with a free platform like
    Wordpress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out
    there that I’m completely confused .. Any ideas? Thanks!

  46. Its such as you learn my mind! You appear to understand
    so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I feel that you just can do with some percent to power the message home a bit, but instead of that, this is fantastic
    blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

  47. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  48. Undeniably imagine that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be at the web the easiest factor to be mindful of.
    I say to you, I definitely get irked even as other folks consider worries that they just do not realize about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as outlined
    out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a
    signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  49. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam comments?
    If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can recommend?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any support is very
    much appreciated.

  50. Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Thanks

  51. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly.
    I’m quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  52. Simply desire to say your article is as surprising.
    The clarity on your publish is simply excellent and that i could think
    you’re a professional on this subject. Fine along with
    your permission allow me to seize your RSS feed to stay up to date with forthcoming post.
    Thank you one million and please keep up the gratifying work.

  53. I’ve learn a few excellent stuff here. Definitely worth
    bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how so much effort you
    put to make this kind of fantastic informative site.

  54. Do you have a spam problem on this website; I also am a blogger,
    and I was wondering your situation; many of us have developed some nice methods and we are looking to trade
    techniques with others, why not shoot me an email
    if interested.

  55. Hello my friend! I want to say that this post is amazing, nice written and include approximately all significant
    infos. I would like to see more posts like this .

  56. Great goods from you, man. I have bear in mind
    your stuff prior to and you’re just extremely excellent.

    I actually like what you’ve obtained right here, really like what you are saying and the best way wherein you say it.

    You’re making it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it wise.
    I can not wait to read much more from you. That is actually a tremendous site.

  57. Hello There. I found your weblog using msn. That is an extremely smartly written article.
    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful
    information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely comeback.

  58. Hey I am so grateful I found your blog, I really found you by accident, while I was browsing on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless I
    am here now and would just like to say kudos for a fantastic post and a all round interesting blog
    (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the
    moment but I have book-marked it and also added
    your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read much
    more, Please do keep up the excellent job.

  59. I got this web page from my pal who informed me about this site and at
    the moment this time I am visiting this website and reading very informative articles or reviews at this time.

  60. Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted
    keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share.
    Thank you!

  61. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if everybody else encountering issues with your site.
    It seems like some of the written text within your content are running
    off the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know if
    this is happening to them too? This could be a issue with my internet browser because
    I’ve had this happen previously. Thank you

  62. What you published was actually very logical.
    But, consider this, what if you were to write a awesome
    post title? I ain’t saying your information isn’t solid., but suppose you added a title that makes people desire more?

    I mean How To Prepare Your Cow For Successful Calving – Agricultural Business Information is kinda vanilla.
    You should look at Yahoo’s home page and see how they write
    article headlines to get viewers to click. You might add a related video
    or a related pic or two to grab readers interested
    about everything’ve written. In my opinion, it could bring your website a little bit
    more interesting.

  63. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just
    extremely wonderful. I really like what you have acquired here, really like
    what you are saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to
    keep it sensible. I can’t wait to read far more from you.
    This is really a tremendous website.

  64. I think everything said was very reasonable. However, think about this, suppose you wrote
    a catchier post title? I ain’t suggesting your information isn’t good, however what if
    you added a post title that makes people want more?

    I mean How To Prepare Your Cow For Successful Calving – Agricultural Business
    Information is kinda vanilla. You ought to peek at Yahoo’s front page and note how they write post headlines
    to grab people to open the links. You might add a related video
    or a related picture or two to get people interested about what
    you’ve written. In my opinion, it could bring your posts a little livelier.

  65. I like the valuable information you supply to your articles.

    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently.
    I am relatively certain I’ll be told many new stuff proper here!
    Best of luck for the following!

  66. Simply want to say your article is as astounding.
    The clearness in your post is simply spectacular and i could
    assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

  67. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get several e-mails with the same comment.

    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Many thanks!

  68. Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening.
    I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put
    this information together. I once again find myself
    personally spending a lot of time both reading and commenting.
    But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  69. Its such as you learn my thoughts! You appear to grasp a lot approximately this, like you
    wrote the ebook in it or something. I believe that you just
    can do with a few % to drive the message house a little bit,
    but instead of that, this is magnificent blog. A fantastic read.
    I’ll definitely be back.

  70. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it
    seems as though you relied on the video to make your
    point. You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just
    posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening
    to read?

  71. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d most
    certainly donate to this superb blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your
    RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates
    and will talk about this site with my Facebook group.
    Talk soon!

  72. Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing months of hard work
    due to no backup. Do you have any solutions to prevent hackers?

  73. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website. It’s a very
    easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here
    and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your
    theme? Excellent work!

  74. Amazing blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you propose starting with a free platform like WordPress or go
    for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m
    completely overwhelmed .. Any tips? Appreciate
    it!

  75. Thank you for any other informative website. Where else may just
    I get that kind of information written in such a perfect approach?

    I’ve a venture that I’m simply now operating on, and I have been on the look out for such information.

  76. Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how can i subscribe for
    a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.
    I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  77. hello!,I like your writing so so much! share we be in contact
    extra approximately your post on AOL? I need a specialist in this
    house to solve my problem. Maybe that is you! Looking ahead to look you.

  78. Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to
    browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the knowledge
    you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, amazing site!

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here